Piaget And The Freudian View Essay

965 Words Oct 27th, 2015 4 Pages
A number of different lifespan theories have been developed in an attempt to explain the various aspects of human growth. In comparison to the Freudian view, Piaget shares the similar claim for a stage-like development. Both of the theories suggests that each stage has different challenges in the developmental process and are built upon the success of each other (Santrock et al., 2008). Freud’s analysis is based on psychosexual stages and in the expressions of aggression, whereas, Piaget believed that children construct their own knowledge in response to their experiences. Another psychoanalytic theorist named Erikson, proposed that we develop in psychosocial stages with the primary motivation based on social and reflected desire to affiliate with other people (Santrock et al., 2008). Piaget shares Erikson’s optimism that development is essentially a growing and rectifying process (Maier, 1978). From their respective preoccupations, Piaget and Erikson search for a different truth. Maier (1978) suggests, “Piaget strives to establish a universal system of cognitive development that is consistent with the collective intellectual development of human beings anywhere, in which individual differences and cultural variations are of less interest to him than the search for the universal in the human species” (p. 167). In contrast, “Erickson endeavors to understand each individual for his or her uniquely complex situation in life, and in particular for his or her emotional…

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