Phobias and Addictions Essay
October 2, 2012
Phobias and Addictions
In this paper I will be discussing phobias and addictions in relation to classical and operant conditioning. I will research and explore how phobias can be developed through classical conditioning, and how addictions can be developed through operant conditioning. I will also explain what extinction means in psychology and how it is achieved in both classical and operant conditioning.
The first thing you need to know is what exactly a phobia is. A phobia is an uncontrollable fear of an object or situation that is unreasonable and can develop in many ways; one of these ways is through conditioning. People have fears all the time, but …show more content…
The processes of classical and operant conditioning are very different, but they both result in learning a response. Both types of conditioning modify behaviors, but in different ways. Classical conditioning involves using neutral stimuli and focuses on reflexes, involuntary behaviors, and reactive behaviors. Operant conditioning involves punishments and positive reinforcements after a behavior or reaction. One of the main differences is with operant conditioning the person or subject is given