Essay on Phobias and Addictions
Ashlee D. Niland
October 22, 2012
Phobias and Addictions
“According to Kowalski and Westen, the concept that learning shapes behavior, forms the fundamental concepts of the behaviorist perspective. Known together as associative learning, classical and operant conditioning are common, yet distinct ways in which humans learn behavior”(Kowalski & Weston, 2009, p. 157) Classical conditioning, also known as Pavlovian conditioning or respondent conditioning, is like having a bell that rings every time a dog gets his food. The dog then learns that the sound of that bell means food is there. The learning of the bell and food correlating to one another is classical conditioning. Operant …show more content…
Addictions and classical conditioning is like the stick of a needle for the use of getting “high”. Every time that addict puts the needle in his arm he feels the drug moving up his veins, creating his “high”, and then releasing him to the world of the drug. When you use classical conditioning for this example you can take that same person and place them in the hospital for say, a kidney infection. The doctor comes to the addict and goes to put an IV in his arm; the feeling that the man or woman, addict felt every time he used the needle for drugs now comes back to him as the doctor pricks him with the needle even though it is not the drug but saline to hydrate him.