Phobias and Addictions Paper

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Phobias and Addictions Paper
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Conferring to Kowalski & Westen (2011) “The concept that learning is adaptive and shapes behavior, forms the fundamental concepts of the behaviorist perspective.” These conceptions may be acknowledged as operant, classical, and associative learning. These approaches are suggested to be similar, but they have contrasting steps towards how behavior can be educated. These approaches are frequently known as classical learning, operant learning, and associative learning. These approaches may sound similar, but they have slightly differentiated steps towards how behavior can be learned. Operant and classical learning
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The individual will then disassociate themselves from the seeing or thinking of spiders. As you can see, it takes two different stimuli paired together that creates the fear of spiders, just as the dogs of Pavlovs’ had the bells and food paired together. The phobia will continue until the individual faces their fear or irrational thought of spiders.
Extinction in classical conditioning is defined by taking away the unconditioned stimulus from the conditioned stimulus. (Kowalski & Westen, 2011) When it comes to arachnophobia, the spiders are taken out of the individual’s life and the unconditioned response is weakened. Unfortunately, even though the response is weakened, the response is not completely taken out of the individual. In this situation, it is simply known as spontaneous recovery. According to Kowalski & Westen (2011) “The spontaneous recovery of a conditioned response is typically short-lived, however, and will rapidly extinguish again without renewed pairings of the conditioned stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus.”
Conferring to Merriam-Webster (2013) “Addiction is defined as a compulsive need for and use of a habit-forming substance (as heroin, nicotine, or alcohol) characterized by tolerance and by well-defined physiological symptoms upon withdrawal” Drugs do not have to the only addiction that may be harmful to a person. It is

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