Philosophy Of The Scientific Era Essay examples
Philosophy of Revolution
At the beginning of the scientific era people were not only shocked but also spiritually threatened by the new discovery that the Sun was actually in the center not the Earth. The “new philosophy” (since there was no word for “science” at the time) is the Copernican revolution. In 1610 Galileo had published the world’s first scientific bestseller, The Starry Messenger. This revolutionary work argued that the heavens are not organized the way astronomers, philosophers, and theologians had taught for ages (Alvarez & Leitão, 2010). As far as was concerned, however, Galileo’s ideas threatened not only the origin and development of the universe, but of Plato, Aristotle, and Ptolemy but also the religious sensibilities associated for centuries with an Earth-centered (geocentric) vision of nature.
In 1543 the Polish astronomer, Nicolaus Copernicus, had already proposed that movements in the skies could be predicted more accurately than before if the Earth and other planets revolve around the Sun. However, prior to Galileo’s release of The Starry Messenger, Copernicus’s new model of the heavens seemed little more than a complicated mathematical scheme for making astronomical predictions (Gibson, 2011). Those who read Copernicus’s work often took it simply as an experiment in thought rather than a representation of the heavens and Earth. For Galileo, on the other hand, the Copernican system was not a mental exercise but an…