Philosophy of Science Essay

1801 Words Dec 19th, 2012 8 Pages
PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

Religious tradition
• Religious traditions make it their task to impart a definite doctrine, and to preserve it, pure and unchanged. • It is the task of a school to hand on the tradition, the doctrine of its founder, its first master, to the next generation in its inviolate form.

Religious tradition
• A school of this kind never admits a new idea. • New ideas are heresies, and lead to schisms. • But the heretic claims, as a rule, that his is the true doctrine of the founder. • All changes of doctrine, if any, are surreptitious changes.

Religious tradition
• School founded by Pythagoras had the character of religious order, with a characteristic way of life and a secret doctrine. • A member of that
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Characterization of Science

1.Exclusion of the transcendent, stress on the observable world; 2.Insistence of intelligibility and logical consistency;

Characterization of Science
3. Insistence on maximum separation of questions, whatever can be separated in thought should be thought about separately; 4. Exclusion of idiosyncratic explanation;

Characterization of Science

5. Though not completely consensual, consensual to an astonishing degree; 6. Inter-cultural in some sense; 7. Cumulative in some sense;

Characterization of Science
8. Requires arduous and prolonged training in thought-styles in no way continuous with those of everyday life; 9. Its continually growing technology is immeasurably superior to and qualitatively distinct from the practical skills of the craftsman.

Scientific Method
• It would be difficult to deny the successful manipulations of the natural world which science has made possible. • Science has produced results, whereas witchcraft, magic, superstition, and mere tradition have had little to show by comparison.

Scientific Method

• Scientific method is generally recognized as the most effective way we have of finding out about and predicting the behaviour of the natural world. • Historically

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