Philosophical Differences Between Hinduism And Buddhism

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Social, Ethical, and Philosophical Differences in Hinduism and Buddhism
Introduction
Hinduism and Buddhism are two closely related religions that have been a part of India’s culture for quite a long time and have an effect on each other. Buddha happened to be a Hindu Prince before he set out on his path of enlightenment. To simplify the relation, one can construe that the relationship is not any different from that that exists between Judaism and Christianity in certain ways. For instance, Judaism was inspired by the life of a Jew while Buddhism was inspired by the life of a Hindu who felt that Hinduism was not the right path for and set out to define his own path. In the Western world in which we live in, it is not hard to come across people
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Simply defined, enlightenment can be described as the ultimate release from the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth. According to both faiths, the human soul eventually gets to achieve enlightenment even though it may take a number of reincarnations before this actually happens. In Hinduism, this process is referred to as moksha, which can be simply translated to mean “existence in the realm of gods”. However, according to Buddhists, this process of enlightenment is referred to as nirvana, which in simple terms means the removal from the cycle completely. This means that the soul of the individual does not move into another realm to exist with …show more content…
Both tow religions apply the concept in their day-to-day lives, although the definition by each religion vastly varies. For Hindus, dharma constitutes anything that an individual can do in order to live a happy and fulfilled life. This also entails anything that can help individuals to be closer to god. For Buddhists however, dharma simply refer to the teachings of Buddha on matters such as karma, moral law and simply offer guidelines on how to live ones life. In Hinduism, dharma is as important as the Ten Commandments are to Christians. All Hindus are expected to live according to dharma. Anyone who defies this is likely to upset the divinities. However, for Buddhists, the concept of dharma is not as serious. It is not imperative that every Buddhist lives according to the rules set by this concept. In addition, they do not believe in the idea of individual suffering dire consequences because of failing to follow

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