Pharaoh Essay

1184 Words 5 Pages
The most powerful person in ancient Egypt was the Pharaoh and the next in line was his wife. The pharaoh was supreme leader of the government and the region. A pharaoh became an almost iconic religious deity and was deemed the “lord of the two lands and the High Priest of every temple” by the people (Colorado State university, n.d.). He represented the gods of the Earth. Under him was a hierarchy of rulers to whom delegated authority was given to run different areas of the government. There were approximately 170 different pharaohs ruling within thirty-one dynasties whose vast reign ran from 3150 to 30 B.C. (2011, Dodson).
According to Countries & Cultures, the first dynasty began in 3150 B.C. But before the first dynasty, the pre-dynastic
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Under each pharaoh one central idea remained steadfastly hooked to their governmental control and that was the signification of the temple, pharaoh as a god, other gods and pharaoh as high priest. Whether Egypt became linguistically adept, mathematically adroit or economically sound, religion was a firm part of their culture and to debase it or neglect its worth would mean potential internal destruction of that king’s ruler ship. Differences arose as to how a pharaoh would respond to the religious culture. Some pharaohs became haughtily arrogant and self-aggrandizing to the extent that they desired further religious worship of themselves. They would construct grand temples and edifices to the god king himself. The political and economic system of Egypt would be developed around the concept of god incarnate who was believed, through his magical powers, to control the Nile flood for the benefit of the nation (2011, Dodson). In the form of great religious complexes, the god king was given monumental expression of grandeur (2011, Dodson). While some pharaohs became so religiously entrenched by their own worship with religion at the forefront of their reign others almost completely negated the religious aspect of kingship. Either way, each pharaoh’s Political upheaval was …show more content…
Egypt had more than enough copper which is the key component of bronze (2011, Carruthers). But the land did not have iron. Iron was a far more effective material for war armaments. The lack of iron and military technology did not declare Egypt’s decisive end. The unity of the Egyptian state had lasting cracks that overtook its fortifications and broke down the cohesion of the states which caused the split between the North and the South (2011, Dodson). When the states split, so did the socio-religious culture leaving the country open and vulnerable to be overthrown by powerful countries like Assyria and Persia. During the final dynasty, the Ptolemy dynasty, Greece invaded the rule of Egypt by placing a Macedonian-Greek King in power. Even though the dominant socio-religious Egyptian culture remained intact, it became more and more inundated by Europe to the extent that the language of the state was now Greek (Colorado State University, n.d). This brought about more violent internal political struggles which lead to the influence of the Roman empire. The defeat of the last of Ptolemy’s ruling descendants left Cleopatra IV open to Roman rule as her lover Marc Antony stepped into power as a Roman Pharaoh. By now Egypt is Christian and has rejected much of its heritage as indefensibly pagan (Countries & Cultures, n.d.). All that survived was the Egyptian

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