Pessimism In Gatsby

Superior Essays
F. Scott Fitzgerald’s most famous novel The Great Gatsby explores his pessimistic views of the new age and high class using the different characters to represent the disjunction of the new technology and ideas in the Modern Age. Tom and Daisy represent the immoral illusion of wealthy and aristocratic society that destroys the community when resisting the change in the Modern Age. Gatsby also puts on an illusion of wealth but unlike Tom and Daisy, he becomes delusional because he believes in this false idealization that he just needs to get rich in order to win over his love Daisy. Last, the narrator Nick recognizes the illusion in this society and therefore takes place as just an observer amoral observer at the beginning, but through the course …show more content…
Tom never had to work for his status, he simply had it handed it down from his parents and ancestors which led Nick to describe him as “a national figure in a way, one of those men who reach such an acute limited excellence at twenty-one that everything afterwards savors of anti-climax” (5). Tom’s most prime moments of his life happened at a young age and most endure the retreating of his status after that while trying to keep on as much as he can to pass to his children, representing the privileged distress as the idea of having to stay in the same class became a past tradition during this new age. After the death of his mistress and Gatsby, Tom and Daisy leave the city and Tom has one final conversation with Nick, when Nick realizes “They were careless people, Tom and Daisy- they smashed up things and creatures and then retreated back into their money…and let other people clean up the mess they had made” (chapter 9). In attempting to rule the community with his heredity aristocracy, Tom only destroys the place and uses the money as excuse to move away as he realizes he cannot find any more suitable places left for his kind in this new world. Nick finally recognizes the problem with Tom and Daisy’s illusion of the inherited wealthy lifestyle when he notices “They weren’t happy…and yet they weren’t unhappy either. There was an unmistakable air of natural intimacy about the picture and anybody would have said that they were conspiring together” (chapter 9). Tom and Daisy never really loved each other, only the wealth and status each one had to offer, and both would selfishly do anything to keep it that way leading a delusional life to try to keep that power. Nick recognizes the battle of Tom and Daisy to keep their aristocratic lifestyle and illusion alive from the new ideas of the Modern Age using any

Related Documents

  • Superior Essays

    Dust In The Great Gatsby

    • 1377 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Despite his low class origin, he makes it his mission to become rich and upper-class. Once he gains money through suspicious means, he creates an entire persona that seems to embody the essence of wealth and power. But eventually, his charismatic persona is undone by Tom’s belief that Gatsby is bootlegging. Gatsby’s wealth does not prevent him from losing Daisy; in fact, the suspicious nature behind his “new-money” causes Gatsby to sink into a defeated state and lose Daisy forever (4). Despite his shattered state, Gatsby refuses to accept the loss of his imagined ideal and instead chooses to protect Daisy, leading to his death.…

    • 1377 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Nick also refers to her as “the golden girl.” (120). These quotes symbolise Daisy’s materialism, as she only understands getting whatever she wants because of her vast wealth, showing the reader how her pursuit of the American Dream has corrupted her. Throughout The Great Gatsby, it is clear that the pursuit of the American Dream can corrupt those who succeed in achieving it. The American Dream first begins to corrupt Gatsby when he runs away from home to chase wealth and meets Dan Cody. He then becomes completely corrupted when he tries to become rich to win over Daisy, who he had already lost.…

    • 1194 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    People valued money, power and social status more than anything and Austen showed how characters that only desired such things did not get a happy ending. However, characters that were full of good intentions, stumbled upon on such things at the end. “Willoughby could not hear of her marriage without a pang; and his punishment was soon afterwards complete … that had be behaved with honour towards Marianne, he might at once have been happy and rich.” (Austen 312). Willoughby, who had genuine affection for Marianne, left her for money. However, in the end, he could have had everything he wanted but his avarice led to a marriage without love.…

    • 1683 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The corruption of the American Dream is a prevalent theme in classic literature, as it highlights the falsified illusions of social mobility and power commonly promoted during the early twentieth century. The motivation for socio-economic inclination is generally consumed by materialism and shallowness in an effort to satisfy the constant lack of self fulfillment, which inevitably leads to self destruction. Many people blindly accept the idealistic concept of social and economic mobility only to discover its unattainableness. In The Great Gatsby, F. Scott Fitzgerald explores the corruption underlying the pursuit of the American Dream through Jay Gatsby. In an effort to captivate Daisy’s attention, Jay Gatsby publicly displays his wealth and…

    • 903 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Like Tom, Daisy is a man without sense of responsibility and ethics. Daisy had completely in her love for gatsby believed that gatsby can meet the demand on their money, while Daisy married to Tom because Tom is rich. And when the gates than carriers wealth again appear, Daisy is produced to gatsby and great affection, and suggested to accept the pursuit of gatsby. Finally after found illegal occupation gatsby, Daisy and a ruthless abandoned gatsby, and return to the "money" umbrella, namely go to Tom's arms. In fact, Daisy has no real love anyone, with different man just for the sake of man's hands "money".…

    • 1100 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Since he has a substantial amount of money, Gatsby now believes that he can win over anyone he wants with it, such as Daisy, and he masks up his emotions and feelings with the wealth. Basically, Bewley is saying that his innocence and blindness in love creates for him a desire for a new reality with Daisy that he tries to reach using his wealth, but still unfortunately remains out of his grasp. This false reality and innocence to the fact that he’s going after the wrong person will send him through perils of emotion, eventually killing…

    • 1782 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    I'd never understood before. It was full of money – that was the inexhaustible charm that rose and fell in it, the jingle of it” (120). Gatsby lives a corrupted illusion that his wealth will lead to love and satisfaction. Gatsby wants Daisy so badly that he uses corrupt and illegal ways to make his money. The irony is that he chooses a life of immoral and illegal behavior to get a woman, who in the end, he never gets.…

    • 1130 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Myrtle and George Wilson were once two passionate lovers, caring for nothing else in the world but each other. However, Myrtle’s selfish aura led her to fall in love with not a man but a thing: money. She became dissatisfied with her husband and decided to move on to someone more enticing, someone wealthy like Tom Buchanan. In the novel The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, the Wilsons are discontent with their lives as they become unsatisfied with one another and turn to lives of avarice, portraying the theme of greed when money is involved. The source of Myrtle and George Wilson’s problems is that they have different viewpoints on each other which leads to Myrtle’s dissatisfaction with him.…

    • 1136 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Rich is aware that Cromwell is a powerful figure and dislikes Thomas More. Therefore, Rich disregards his frienship with More in an attempt to please Cromwell and possibly increase his power and role in society. Later when More is on trial, Rich lies and provides false accusations against More. After Rich lies, More tells Rich, “I am sorrier for your perjury than my peril” (156). Rich betrays More by lying in order to win his case and prove More guilty, which subsequently increases Rich’s power.…

    • 1257 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Mr. Gatsby’s life demonstrated how apparent the wealth made him and the effect of hypocrisy and dissimulation of his life. His money allowed his superficiality and he lost sight what really did matter in his life. He tried to be someone who he wasn’t and tired changing his life so he could impress Daisy. He lied about his…

    • 1242 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays