Perspectives on Learnign, Thinking and Activity Essay

945 Words Oct 17th, 2015 4 Pages
According to the article “Perspectives on Learning, Thinking, and Activity,” situative and cognitive perspectives have both made a significant impact on educational thinking and towards the improvement of education. The purpose of doing research relative to learning processes is to “inform those who are responsible for forming policy-so that our children will not be the victims of well-intentioned but ill informed educational practices.” (Anderson, Greeno, Reder, Simon 2000) Situational learning is an instructional approach that follows the work of Vygotsky where students are inclined to learn actively by participating in the learning experience. “Like Piaget, Vygotsky argued that cognitive development results from a complex …show more content…
Students can learn how a new lesson builds on the knowledge and skills that students were taught in a previous lesson. On numerous occasions, I have given ESL students a simplified version of a lesson to progressively move students toward a stronger understanding of a particular topic. Scaffolding provides an incentive for students to take a more active role in their own learning because through scaffolds it requires them to move beyond the current knowledge and skill levels. In general, I prefer situated learning environments over traditional environments that occur from abstract lectures and books. Cooperative educations such as field trips and internships enable students to actively participate in an unfamiliar environment and learning is a result of a social process via problem solving and reflection. I believe that school learning that is largely text based has significant limitations. Students should be in a learning environment where they may ask questions and where communication is encouraged between the teacher and students. In “Perspectives on Learning, Thinking, and Activity,” the authors state that when it comes to individual and social perspectives on activity “neither perspective is limited either to activity by groups or to individuals acting alone.” (Anderson, Greeno, Reder, Simon) Piaget believed that people construct knowledge individually by using cognitive processes via accommodation and

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