Perspective on Education in Nigeria Essay

2859 Words Jun 12th, 2010 12 Pages
Perspectives on the History of Education in Nigeria, 2008

INDIGENOUS AFRICAN EDUCATION

Dr. (Mrs.) A. A. Jekayinfa

General Principles of Education

Education is a universal process occurring in all human societies involving a society passed on its culture, that is the social, ethical, intellectual, artistic and industrial attainments of the group by which it can be differentiated from another group. It therefore goes on informally and has deep roots in the environment in which it takes place. No study of the history of education is complete without adequate knowledge of the traditional or indigenous education system prevalent in Africa before the introduction of Islam and Christianity. Every society whether simple or complex,
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Education was therefore intended to be a gradual process of induction, into the society and a preparation for adult life and responsibility. It was sometimes a preparation for a peaceful death or a happy end. The principle of functionalism, goes along with the principle of self development. The principle of self-development is characteristic of African indigenous education. The child is given every opportunity to do things by himself under the direction and protection of the adult. It is believed that each child has his own talents which he must develop but not until he has found out and experienced what happens in the society into which he is born. It is after this that he can take up innovations without embarrassing himself and the members of his family. Before and during adolescence, he has to go through the a series of initiation ceremonies to make sure that he understands the ways and wherefores of what happens within his society and also that he makes use of all the opportunities available as required by the society. Communalism was another principle characteristic of African traditional education. Members of the community shared what they had and did things in common. They had their common markets, play-grounds and shrines. They as one, were involved in participation education through various kinds of ceremonies and local festivals. They also together hunted

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