Essay on Personality Theories Matrix

2849 Words Mar 22nd, 2008 12 Pages
Personality Theories Matrix

THEORY Psychoanalytic Neo-Freudian Trait Biological Humanistic Behavioral/


Personality “Self: id, ego, superego, thanatos; defense mechanisms.”
Personlaity structureis made up of 3 major systems: the id, the ego and the superego. Each has its own function properties, components, operating principles, and mechanisms, the systems interact so closely with one another that it is difficult to disentangle their effects and state their relative contribution to man’s behavior.
Id is the part of the personality system with which a person is born, it is inherited and that is present at birth. It is comprised of urges and desires plus the effects and fixations
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Abasement, achievement, affiliation, aggression, autonomy, blame avoidance, counteraction, dependence, deference, dominance, exhibition, harm avoidance, inavoidance, nurturance, order, play, rejection, sentience, sex, succorance, understanding,
Big Five.
1.Emotional stability- calm vs. anxious, secure vs., insecure, self satisfies vs. self pitying.
2. Extraversion
Sociable vs. retiring
Fun loving vs. sober
Affectionate vs. sober
3. Openness
Imaginative vs. retiring Preference for variety vs. preference for routine. Independent vs. conforming.
4 .Agreeableness
Soft hearted vs. ruthless Trusting vs. suspicious
Helpful vs. uncooperative.
5. Conscientiousness
Well organized vs. disorganized.
Careful vs. careless
Self-disciplined vs. weak willed.

Type A and Type B behavior, social anxiety, emotional
Intensity, emotional
Expressiveness, optimism and pessimism
Adversity, dealing with adversity, defensive

Learning habits are of great importance personality differences as growing out of our genetic inheritance. Neuroticism used to describe a dimensions of range of normal, fairly normal, and calm people to people who tend to be quite nervous. This was a true temperament that this was genetically based, physiologically supported dimension. Studying the nervous system of the body. Signaled by an event the brain would trigger the nervous system to stimulate the body to produce adrenalin. The adrenalin in terms alters the

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