Personality Assessment Inventory Assessments

1118 Words 5 Pages
Assessments are designed to determine whether there is a problem, distinguish an individual strengths and weaknesses, predict the future course of disorders, classify the problem and provide useful tips for intervention. Clinicians use these ideas to assess the clients’ behavior by a set of guided questions. The Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) is a self-administered tool that provides information relevant to the clinical diagnosis, treatment and screenings for psychopathology (Morey, 2012). This assessment was created as an alternative to the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory that was designed to assess abnormal personality traits. The PAI was designed to be easily scored by hand and is characterized by a 344 item Likert scale and also by a variety of 22 non-overlapping scales (Sutin, 2013).
Validity Scales Inconsistency (INC)
Infrequency (INF)
Negative Impression
Positive Impression
Clinical Scales Somatic Complaints (SOM)
Anxiety (ANX)
Anxiety-Related Disorders (ARD)
Depression (DEP)
Mania (MAN)
Paranoia (PAR)
Schizophrenia (SCZ)
Borderline Features (BOR)
Antisocial Features (ANT)
Alcohol Problems (ALC)
Drug Problems (DRG)
Treatment
…show more content…
Targeting a large population varying from age, gender, and ethnicity can provide reliable reports (Jenelle Slavin-Mulford, External Validity of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) in a Clinical Sample, 2012). The validity of the results depends greatly on whether the participant completed the test properly, had difficulty reading the material, defensiveness and malingering (falsely exaggerating an action for rewards). Upon assessment, clients are very careful as to how they display themselves to the administrator (Sutin, 2013). This correlates greatly with how they choose to respond to some questions in the material, all the while insecurity displays dishonesty and poor

Related Documents