Person Centred Counselling Essay

3055 Words Jun 21st, 2012 13 Pages
The Use of Person Centred Counselling in Guidance and Counselling Practice in Schools

I think that it is accurate to say that the 'first wave' of guidance counsellors who received their counselling training in Ireland did so based largely on the theory and philosophy of counselling formulated by Carl Ransom Rogers (1902 - 1987), considered, by many, to be the most influential psychologist in American history. A leader in the humanistic psychology movement of the 1960's through the 1980's: more than any other individual he was responsible for the spread of professional counselling and psychotherapy beyond psychiatry and psychoanalysis to all the helping professions.

He was one of the helping professions most prolific writers,
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Later at the Institute for Child Guidance he was exposed to a very different school of thought.

Here he was exposed to a dynamic psychoanalytic view but, most notably, Rogers was influenced by the views of Otho Rank. From him he took the emphasis on the therapeutic relationship and the idea of the therapist as 'supporter' rather than director.

A pivotal case with a boy and his mother, when he left the direction of the session to the mother without attempting to interrupt, confirmed him in this new methodology; an approach which placed more emphasis on the feelings of the client; on the present rather than the past, and a greater reliance on the individual’s own will towards health. Above all he stressed the therapeutic relationship as the experience where growth can take place.

Brief Description of Therapy

Person-centred therapy is one of the Humanistic approaches. Focusing on the 'here and now' and not on the childhood origins of the client's problems, Rogers’ theory emphasised the counsellor's creation of a permissive and non-interventionist climate in which the client is free to move at his own pace and in his own direction. Rogers' basic assumptions were that people were essentially trustworthy; that they have a vast potential for understanding themselves and resolving their own problem without direct intervention on their therapist's part: and that they are capable of self-directed growth if they are involved in a therapeutic relationship. From

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