Performance Enhancing Drugs And Drugs Essay

1675 Words Nov 15th, 2015 7 Pages
Intro:
What is a PED? According to Drug Free Sport, “A performance-enhancing drug is any substance taken by athletes to improve performance” (1). Many great athletes have taken these substances to to enhance their performance. Some of the famous athletes that have been known to take them are : Mark McGwire, Alex Rodriguez, Barry Bonds, David Ortiz, Lance Armstrong, and Manny Ramirez. Are there any advantages to taking these sorts of substances? In the article, Hoyle says: “Performance-enhancing drugs may exert their effects in different ways. Some, like anabolic steroids, increase the mass and the strength of muscles. Bones can also be strengthened. Other drugs cause more oxygen to be delivered to muscles, which allows the muscles to perform at an intensity that could not otherwise be possible. Still other drugs can blunt pain, stimulate the production of chemicals that spur the body to greater levels of athletic activity, or reduce weight. Some drugs are even taken just to mask the presence of a performance enhancing drug" (5). There are also disadvantages of taking these substances. According to Hoyle, “The gains in athletic performance bestowed by anabolic steroids come with a price. Mood swings and feelings of depression and aggression (commonly known as “roid rage”) can occur, as can liver damage and jaundice. Males can become infertile and experience breast growth, while females can develop facial and body hair and an altered or completely suppressed menstrual…

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