Pavlov 's Theory Of Classical Conditioning Essay

810 Words Sep 15th, 2016 4 Pages
.Individuals often believe that they are in complete control of their cognitive processes. However, in everyday life, we are surrounded by stimuli which have significant influence over our responses and decision-making. This essay will explore Pavlov’s theory of Classical Conditioning from the early stages of conception and the advancements made by Watson and Rayner in 1920. Consequently, these discoveries revolutionised the field of Psychology, from the use of techniques in behaviour modification to the more recent new scientific field of Psychoneuroimmunology.
Classical Conditioning is an associative learning process which is achieved by the introduction of a neutral stimulus (NS) to prompt a conditioned response (CR). In 1902, whilst studying the digestive systems of dogs, Russian Physiologist Ivan Pavlov conducted an experiment into the dog’s salivation response. Pavlov first noticed that the dogs would salivate at the sight of their food bowl. The saliva was an unconditioned response (UCR) to the food contained in the bowl, referred to as an unconditioned stimulus (UCS). Through association the dogs distinguished the bowl represented food and therefore naturally salivated. Pavlov then introduced a bell (NS), which was rung prior to the food bowl being presented. Initially, the sound of the bell created no response in the dogs, however, over a short time the dogs began to salivate at the sound of the bell alone (Gross, 2014). Pavlov had discovered that through…

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