Patricia Fennell: Four Phases And Effects Of Chronic Illness

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Chronic Illness A chronic illness is any medical condition that is long lasting in its effects and that vary greatly both in their essential characteristics and the ways in which they affect families and its adaptive functioning. Some chronic illness get worse over time, while the symptoms of other chronic illnesses will flare up occasionally. Every family is a balanced system and after learning of a patient’s chronic illness, a family will experience some loss of equilibrium. The illness can cause emotional distress throughout, impair the ability to properly support the patient and particularly if each patient is attempting to deal with his own fears and frustrations alone. The first issue to consider when it comes to the impact of chronic …show more content…
Patricia Fennell developed four broad phases of chronic illness. The four phases includes crisis, stabilization, resolution, and integration. In phase 1 known as crisis, the patient moves from the beginning of a specific disease to an emergency state when he or she know something is seriously wrong with their body. This phase is also considered to be the coping phase. In phase 2 is known as the stabilization phase. In the stabilization phase, the patient realizes that the interventions that they tried didn’t work and they continue to try other interventions to return back to normal. In phase 3 known as resolution, the patient comes to realization that his or her life may not return to normal and may relapse. The task of this phase is to begin establishing an authentic new self and start developing a supportive, meaningful philosophy. In phase 4 known as integration, the patient defines a new person within themselves in which the disease or illness may be of importance. In this phase, patient starts to recover. Fennell goal is to address three domain about the different phases which include the physical/behavioral, the psychological, and the social/interactive (SITE …show more content…
This comes to show that healthcare professionals play a huge part in the average person’s life, which is why ethical reasoning is so important in the healthcare industry. The principlism theory is commonly used in the healthcare field. Its emphasis four key ethical principles (autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice) which most theories share and blends with practical wisdom. The goal is to bring together the best elements that are comparable with most societal, individual, and religious belief systems. This theory enables healthcare professionals, patients and significant others, to place value or added weight on a particular principle to find a balance and rationale for decision making. The principlism theory enhances the nursing profession because it provides a means of integrating multiple factors and reaching situation specific decisions (SITE #1). The role of family within the model is that chronic illness will impact relationships at home with partners and children. Chronic illness will also impact how one function at work and relationships with

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