Patient Condition: Case Study Of Olga Bloomfield (COD)

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Patient Condition: Amateur astronomer, Olga Bloomfield, is 38 years old with a history of hypertension and smoking. She has been a smoker since she was 18 and in the last 6 months, has experienced shortness of breath during exercise. She reports having a cough for a year which has worsened in the last 3 to 4 months and is now producing phlegm. For the last 20 years, she has had a habit of smoking 1 pack of cigarettes per day. Olga is also currently taking medication for her hypertension which includes a physical exam with a post-bronchodilator study. Her results were as followed: FEV1 – 85% predicated, and FEV1/FVC (forced expiratory volume in 1 sec/forced vital capacity) – 65%. These numbers contribute to her diagnosis of mild COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). Risks for obtaining COPD include smoking, occupational chemicals, air pollutants, infections, and genetics (Lewis, p. 582). The cause of Olga’s COPD stems from her smoking habit. It has caused …show more content…
Diet will include small frequent meals (5-6 meals), low fat & protein foods, replace simple carbs with complex carbs, fruits & vegetables, food high in potassium, and avoid salts & food that increase bloating (C.J. 2016). A healthy diet will help with energy and prevent secondary diseases. Maintaining regular exercise regimen will help with her COPD in maintaining her strength and endurance to help with her quality of life. During overexertion, Olga will need to pause and take periods of rest. A full 8 hours of sleep is highly recommended to feel more awake and energetic during the day. In order for Olga to fill independent she should continue to do as many things on her own and not rely on others until she absolutely must. For more help with her health there is pulmonary rehabilitation that is available which will help with planning nutrition, stop smoking, exercise for her

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