Essay on Pathophysiology

6533 Words Dec 19th, 2011 27 Pages
Congestive Heart Failure FC IV
Valvular Heart Disease
Secondary to
Rheumatic Heart Disease

A case Presentation
A Presented to:
The Faculty
College of Nursing
Adventist University of the Philippines

In Partial fulfillment
Of the Course
N303 Curative and Rehabilitative Nursing Care
1st Semester

Tha Hnem
Section F

Presentation Date:
September, 4, 2007
I. Introduction

Heart failure, also called congestive heart failure (CHF), is a life-threatening condition in which the heart can no longer pump enough blood to the rest of the body. Heart failure is almost always a chronic, long-term condition, although it can sometimes develop suddenly.
Rheumatic fever and Valvular Heart Disease also contributed to Heart
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A. Significance of the study
The significant of the study mainly talks a bout the patient’s diagnosis together with the underlying problem lead to CHF, and the past or present medical history including the developmental tasks, description of clinical care, and managements, that will be further study.

B. Prevalence/Statistics:

Although untreated rheumatic fever may lead to CHF. Rheumatic fever may involve any age group; it is rather uncommon in infancy and in children younger than four and in adults after fifty. It most commonly affects children aged five to fifteen years. Long-term antibiotic therapy can minimize recurrence of rheumatic fever, reducing the risk of permanent cardiac damage and eventual valvular deformity. However, severe pancarditis occasionally produces fatal heart failure during the acute phase. Of the patients who survive this complication; about 20% die within 10 years. The overall incidence of RHD is in third rank behind coronary and hypertensive heart disease. Thus, rheumatic fever is the most common precursor of heart disease among individuals under the age of forty. The incidence of rheumatic fever is reported to increase to as high as 5 to 50 percent following streptococcal infection is reported to be considerably higher in patients with know RHD than in those who have recovered from previous attacks of rheumatic fever completely

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