Pathological Features And Clinical Criteria For The Diagnosis Of Schizophrenia

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Schizophrenia is a disorder that is “characterized by…presence of psychotic symptoms, but also…severe impairments that…lead to a decline in psychosocial functioning” (Valencia, Ortega-Soto, Soledad Rodrigquez, & Gomez, 2004, p. 48). Those suffering from schizophrenia spectrum disorder are “characterized by psychotic symptoms, alterations of thought…abnormal perceptions and beliefs” (Arab & Elhawary, 2015). Throughout this essay, the description of the pathological features and clinical criteria for the diagnosis of schizophrenia will be discussed. Then the biopsychological theories of the pathology will be examined. Neurological factors, such as the nervous system structure(s), neurotransmitters, receptors and pathways implicated in schizophrenia will also be examined. In addition possible causes, including genetic, environmental, lifestyle and familial factors will be discussed. The epidemiology of schizophrenia, along with the clinical presentation and natural history of the condition will noted within the paper. There will also be information on potential complications and current treatment options for this disorder. Lastly, there will be information on future directions for research and clinical management on schizophrenia. This is a severe disease that is more than just mental debilitating.
The pathological features of schizophrenia are the “decline in functioning and any two…symptoms: delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech…apathy” (Wilson, 2013, sec. 12.4).…

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