Partition Of Bengal Essay

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Partition of Bengal

The decision to affect the partition of Bengal was announced in July 1905, by the viceroy of India lord Curzon.it was not until February, 1905, that the government sent their final proposal to the secretary of state. They were sanctioned by Mr.Broorick, with certain modifications on June 9th, 1905 and on October 16th 1905; Bengal was divided into two provinces
1. East Bengal , and Assam with Dhaka as its capital
2. Western Bengal with Calcutta as its capital
The new province east Bengal and Assam had 66% of the Muslim population. The Hindus agitated because three divisions of Bengal presidency were merged with 13 non-Muslim districts of Assam. Hindus conveniently forgot that at the same time, Sindh, being a Muslim a
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The Muslim league in its every first session at Dhaka gave a serious warning to the government that in case the partition was annulled, the Muslims all over India would view it with great alarm. The Muslims argued that the partition had not divided only the Bengali-speaking Hindus but also the Bengali-speaking Muslims, but the Hindus did not listen to this argument. The Muslims could have said in like manner that the creation of the frontier province divided them into different political divisions but they remained silent.
Partition annulled:
In the same year the king and the queen of England came to India for their coronation and on December 12th 1911, the partition of Bengal, the most settled of all settled facts, was unsettled, by the announcement made by the king at Delhi. The Muslims of India relied upon the pledges of the British government, who always called it as a ‘settled fact’. But the announcement of the king came as bombshell and took all the Muslims by surprise. For the first time, they realized that even solemn promises could be ignored. All over the sub-continent the Muslims were perturbed. The pledge that had been given to the Muslims of eastern Bengal, and repeated over and again for six years, was ruthlessly sacrificed in furtherance of what is called the Delhi

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