Pros And Cons Of Parole

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In the grand scheme of things, parole is a relatively new concept. Parole is less than 200 years old. It was created and developed by Alexander Maconochie, a member of the Royal Navy. Parole came as part of an overall trend in the 19th century that shifted correction’s focus from punishment to rehabilitation and reform. The idea behind parole was that offenders should be prepared and rehabilitated for eventual reentry into society. In 1876 the concept of parole would come to the United States via Zebulon Brockway who is known as the father of parole in America. Under the parole system inmates could earn an early release by being a model inmate and basically just
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Studies have shown that on 7% of all prisoners are female. This leads to women often times being overlooked when decisions regarding corrections are being made. Until recently prisons ignored women’s unique needs and prescribed to a one size fits all method for all prisoners regardless of their gender. Reasons for women largely being ignored are the overall lack of women in the prison system, women’s tendencies to not cause commotions or riot over their conditions, and the crimes that women are incarcerated for are generally less severe than those that men commit. Despite women being known as the forgotten offenders, the incarceration rate for women has skyrocketed over the last few decades. In current times the “forgotten offenders” tag is a little bit outdated. Yes, there was a time in correctional history where women had far less opportunities than men did while incarcerated, but during current times if anything women honestly have it better than men. In the 70’s and 80’s men’s prisons were far more advanced and offered far more educational, vocational, mental health, and physical health opportunities. This was almost certainly due to the overall low number of incarcerated women during this time period. But currently with the higher rate of women behind bars, women’s correctional facilities are just as good as men’s facilities and sometimes better. That is not to say …show more content…
They have to deal with issues such as poor mental health treatment, poor physical health treatment, a lack of educational opportunities, threats of sexual harassment, and the burden of being away from their families. But these issues are really no different than the current issues facing male prisoners in the corrections system. The biggest issue facing women prisoners is the fact that they can be pregnant while being incarcerated. This is a huge problem with no clear solution to it. A pregnant woman needs a lot of medical care, hygienic needs, exercise, and other such things that most prisons just aren’t equipped to handle. This is a problem unique to women’s prisons since due to anatomical reasons, men cannot be pregnant. Carrying a giving birth to a child is a hard enough process as it is and the harsh condition of prisons make things even worse on both the mother and the child. To make matters worse, after the child is born the prison only allows the baby to be with the mother for up to 12-18 months after birth. Literally taking a 1 year old child away from the only person it has known its entire life is an act that could be seen as inhumane and barbaric. But on the flip side of things, you could also argue that making an innocent child live in prison for any amount of time is barbaric and inhumane. Issues like this leads to even more mental illness amongst women behind bars. This only worsens the situation because

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