Parole Pros And Cons Essay

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In the grand scheme of things, parole is a relatively new concept. Parole is less than 200 years old. It was created and developed by Alexander Maconochie, a member of the Royal Navy. Parole came as part of an overall trend in the 19th century that shifted correction’s focus from punishment to rehabilitation and reform. The idea behind parole was that offenders should be prepared and rehabilitated for eventual reentry into society. In 1876 the concept of parole would come to the United States via Zebulon Brockway who is known as the father of parole in America. Under the parole system inmates could earn an early release by being a model inmate and basically just
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Of course the classical mission of corrections remains, that being the punishment of a person who has done something wrong. But as society has progressed new ideals have formed and now many different groups have different philosophies on what prison should all be about. Of course, the reasons why people are incarcerated have not changed, but what happens to those people while they’re locked up is now an extremely heated debate. The four most common goals that people believe corrections should accomplish are deterrence, rehabilitation, retribution, and incapacitation. These four things are all very good ideals and goals for the mission of the correctional system, but more often than not these goals completely contradict each other. Victims, offenders, the courtroom workgroup, and the community all often times want different things from the correctional system and an offender’s time behind bars. The public tends to want incapacitation and deterrence from the correctional system. Most of what matters to the general public is that menaces to society are locked away and their communities are safe. Victims for the most part want retribution. They feel violated and hurt by whatever crime the offender committed against them. So all they want from the criminal justice system is some sort of revenge that would make things seem right, a punishment that wouldn’t make …show more content…
This method was conceived because all of the previous methods of execution were seen as inhumane. The first lethal injection execution occurred in Texas on December 2nd 1982. Since then 1,217 death row inmates have been executed via this method. How these executions are carried out is very simple. The prisoner is strapped to a gurney and an IV is placed into their arm. Then a series of chemicals are sent into his body that will eventually kill them. This method is seen as painless and humane as the first chemical that enters the person’s body simply makes them fall asleep. Most would agree that lethal injection is by far the most humane method of execution. The controversy for this method mostly centers around two things: the morality of execution in general and the actual cost of execution. As stated earlier, during current times most people who oppose the death penalty do not do so because of brutality to the prisoner, they do so because they think that killing anything is morally wrong. The other controversial topic is the price of lethal injection. Some claim that the price of lethal injection is more expensive than simply keeping a prisoner incarcerated for life. While on the surface this looks incorrect because the chemicals to kill the prisoners only cost $1300, after you add in legal fees, simply keeping a prisoner incarcerated for life would save tax payers an estimated $90,000 a year

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