Parkinson's Disease Case Study

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Parkinson’s disease is distinguished by the loss of dopaminergic cells within the brain (Jankovic 2007; Chaudhuri 2006). This dopaminergic degeneration is accompanied by severe symptoms which significantly affects individuals and those around them (Jankovic 2007; Chaudhuri 2006). The rate at which this degradation, and therefore the rate at which the corresponding symptoms arises, varies among individuals (Parkinson’s UK 2016). Often these symptoms do not worsen and go undetected until the affected individual has reached the age of 60 to 65 years old, when the dopaminergic depletion has become significant (Jankovic 2007, Abiyev and Abizade 2015).
Firstly, symptoms of Parkinson’s disease are divided among three categories (Abiyev and Abizade
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This diagnosis process persists of a specialist viewing the family medical history and then observing different symptoms displayed by the patient through blood tests, brain scans and a series of activities (Parkinson’s UK 2016). The activities are simple and include the following: patients writing, walking and speaking (Parkinson’s UK 2016). These activities are conducted to enable the specialist in closely observing the patient for such abnormal movement and symptoms that are common among those diagnosed with the disease (Parkinson’s UK 2016). The diagnostic procedure requires a specialist in an attempt to reduce the possibility of a misdiagnosis even though they still commonly occur in the diagnostic process (Parkinson’s UK 2016). Symptoms such as trembling, sleeping disorder, depression, dementia and difficulty swallowing are not unique to Parkinson 's; patients with diseases such as progressive supranuclear palsy express similar symptoms (Parkinson’s UK 2016, Izawa et al. 2011). Recently, the focus of the scientific community has been to discover methods or procedures which can eliminate the chances of misdiagnosis (Izawa et al. 2011). Three diagnostic methods have been discovered and are the following: SNH, OD and MIBG (Izawa et al. …show more content…
2011). An early diagnosis can possibly reduce the cost and time of treatment for the individual, maximizing the individual’s healthspan and minimizing symptoms which accompany the disease (Parkinson’s UK 2016; Izawa et al.

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