Papal Schism Essay

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One of the largest chief political factors leading up to the decline of the Western church in the 15th century would have to be marked by “The Great Schism” or “Papal Schism” during the year of 1378. During this time there were three Popes who believed they were the one true Pope. Before the beginning of the schism, there was power of the papal in Avignon, France. Gregory XI, had wanted to return the papacy to Rome, and no longer have it in France (Gonzalez, The Story of Christianity 402). However he passed away and the Cardinals of Avignon had gathered in Avignon to elect a new leader, but those in Rome had argued that the new leader should be from Rome or Italy. Soon after Urban VI would resume as Pope, however there were Cardinals would …show more content…
This lead to them electing Clement VII of Geneva. So now there were two Popes, and both had denounced each other’s leadership and excommunicated each other. Following the death of Urban VI, Rome was not willing to forego the Schism and follow the leadership of Clement VII, so they elected another person Boniface IV. This appeared to go back and forth for a long time which seemed to divide the Western Church. This schism would not be settled until the Council of Constance. It was this Schism that shifted the power of the church or should we say Pope to the power of the Emperor.
One of the major conflicts that Luther had with the Catholic Church, dealt with their understanding of salvation. The Catholics believed in a works based theology, which meant that one had to earn the grace of God by doing well. Luther was educated on these teachings early on in his ministry under Gabriel Biel. The heart of this teaching was understood that one would be saved based on his/her ability to work to honor the Decalogue in order to
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While also adopting the approach at grace from the protestant reformation. Thomas Cranmer seemed to be the best of both worlds in that he was willing to adopt some of the ancient traditions and ideas from the Catholic Church, but also revisit the new understanding of grace from the Protestant Reformation lead by Martin Luther. In addition Cranmer was also the chief reformer in the English Reformation. He was appointed by King Henry the VIII, and played a major part in helping draft The Articles of the Church of England (Cranmer, The Royal Injunctions, Cited in Bettenson, 245). Most of Cranmer’s work is contained in the Book of Common Prayer. Two of the major things that Cranmer affirmed during the reformation was the Reformed view of Christ’s presence in the Eucharist, and Salvation from the grace of God. Cranmer believed that our works came out of our receiving of grace and salvation, not that they were what produced it (Cranmer, A Short Declaration of the True, Lively, and Christian Faith, Cited in Kerr, 173). This was one of the major differences from the continental

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