Paniya Tribe Case Study

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Introduction
The present study on knowledge, attitude and practice of Paniya tribes on mental illness gives an idea about tribe’s perspective on mental illness their belief and health seeking behavior. Tribes believed to be original inhabitant of the country. Because of that they called that Adivasi. Adivasi is an umbrella term used to represent the set of ethnic and tribal people of India. There around 580 tribal groups are in India. The study will conduct in people of the Paniya tribe, living in Wayanadu District of Kerala state. Paniya tribes are the largest population among the tribes in Kerala. They are living in different states of India named Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Kerala.
The place Wayanadu situated in north part of Kerala state.
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They have showed about the tribal socio-economic and their physical health problems by using different phenomenon in their studies. The tribes are marginalized from the society and their participation in the main stream society is very minimal. They are disadvantaged in availing various services and facilities due to their ignorance. In the context of mental illness many challenges have to be addressed. Firstly identifying the mental illness itself is so difficult because of their misconceptions, and different perspectives and perceptions about the mental illness. In the case of getting treatment, they are unaware of where to get treatment and how to use the other community services. The role of alternative therapy is very important. In this regard the researcher felt the present study is so significant and this can contribute a lot to the promotion of mental health of tribes. The scope of this research is to help others to understand about the unique characteristics of the Paniya tribe’s perception and practice about mental illness. The policy makers can be informed about role of alternate therapies in tribal area and issue of somatisation about …show more content…
To find out Paniya’s perception about Mental illness
2. To understand about the Paniya tribe’s health seeking behaviour

Research Methodology
The researcher has chosen a qualitative research approach for this study and decided to use descriptive research design for the study. The researcher is curious to know about the Paniya tribe’s community’s Knowledge, attitude, practice and health seeking behavior with regard to mental illness, also their socio-economic-cultural aspects. The qualitative research will help the researcher to comprehend better about the Paniya tribe’s perception about mental illness. Qualitative research helps to capture the lived experiences and the voices of people who undergo this phenomenon

Sampling Details:
The universe of study is 20 Paniya families in Wayanadu district. Using Purposive sampling method the data will be collecting from families for the current study. The researcher had selected this method to get comprehensive information about the mental health aspect from Paniya tribes. The respondents will include both men and women in the family.
Tools of data

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