Pan Slavism Dbq Essay

947 Words Apr 20th, 2012 4 Pages
DBQ
Having lived in multi-national empires in Eastern and Southern Europe during the eighteenth century, the Slavic people began to think about having their own state. Beginning in the early nineteenth century, a movement called Pan-Slavism emerged, which was a movement pushing for just that. In 1848, the movement began to become mainstream and soon became a dominant movement. Many were opposed to Pan-Slavism, however, thus a debate arose which raised political and cultural issues. Those involved in this debate can be placed into four distinct groups: supporters of Pan-Slavic ideals, (Docs 3, 8) those against Pan-Slavism for Nationalist reasons, (Docs 4, 7, 9, 11) Supporters of Pan-Slavism for Imperial reasons, (Docs 1, 2, 5, 6, 10, 13)
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not just language. (Doc 7) In addition, Bulgarian poet, Christo Botev, wrote that it would wrong other nationalities as well as his own to create a large Slavic state, since each sect of the Slavic people are different. (Doc 9) Botev not surprisingly was influenced by his nationality bias to feel this way, as he, like the other members of this group, was proud of his country and did not want to be united with people who were not Bulgarian. Supporters of Pan-Slavism for Empirical reasons (Docs 1, 2, 5, 10, 13) took the opposite point of view in the best interests of the empire that they were apart of. In a map of the Major Slavic Populations in Europe, the political borders of 1871, makes it appear as if the most Slavs lie in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, (Doc 1) which directly contrasts a table of Estimated Slavic and Non-Slavic populations of Central and Eastern Europe, which picks time periods that show a greater percentage of Slavs in the Russian Empire (Doc 2). Both of these are striving to make their countries look more Slavic to gain the Slav’s support. In addition an editorial in Contemporary Austrian Review stated that it would be in Austria’s best interests to strive for Pan-Slavism to deny Russia of a Pan-Slavic Illusion, which would make Russians no

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