Pan Africanism 's Theory Of Nationalism Essay

6440 Words May 23rd, 2016 26 Pages
Introduction
Pan-Africanism is an important concept within the theory of nationalism that was conceived of at the end of the 19th century and remains to be a vital component in a variety of ways pertaining to Africa. Pan-Africanism was a tool in the struggle against colonialism utilized by at first, members of the African Diaspora and later by people and groups within Africa in their struggle for independence. The ability of the African people to unify was seen as integral in their efforts to resist European domination and the ability to attain self-rule. There are a variety of views and definitions on Pan-Africanism but a majority of scholars agree that some degree of unification whether politically, socially, culturally, or economically was needed in the pursuit of freedom. An integral part of the movement is the Pan-African Congress of 1945 held in Manchester, England, which became a seminal event in the movement’s history and for nationalism in Africa. This Congress resulted in a unified Pan-African movement and provided the driving force behind the decolonization of Africa.
Nationalism is a difficult concept within political theory due to its fluid definition and intangible qualities. In Benedict Anderson’s Imagined Communities, he theorized that nationality, in regards to Africa, was created through the educational and administrative systems that were forced onto the natives by the European overseers, typically picking one ethnic group, educating them,…

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