PGD Essay

972 Words 4 Pages
Patients can also develop a pelvic infection when undertaking PGD. This can occasionally follow an egg collection and, rarely, an abscess develops. It should most often be avoided through the use of sterile conditions and antibiotics for women who are at a higher risk of infection, but there is never a guarantee. Symptoms of an infection can include pain, bright red vaginal bleeding, odoured vaginal discharge, diarrhoea, fever and generally feeling unwell. It can be cured through antibiotic treatment but in severe cases an operation may be necessary.
There can be other complications including the very small risk that the needle used for egg collection punctures the bowel or blood vessels. The needle that is used is very fine and this is an
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This means that despite the PGD procedure, a pregnancy did not result. This can take a huge toll on the female body and can be due to multiple reasons. Weight can affect the chances of having a successful outcome in PGD. If the patient is overweight they might not respond as well to the medication used to stimulate the ovaries and as a result produce fewer eggs; it can be more difficult to obtain a clear scan picture during egg collection; the medication that is given for pain relief and sedation during the procedure can slow the rate of breathing which could cause complications; if pregnancy does occur, the chance of miscarriage might be higher and there can be more complication in pregnancy, specifically with high blood pressure and gestational diabetes. For all of these reasons, it is therefore recommended that patients who are very overweight should lose weight before starting treatment. Another factor is smoking - in both partners. Smoking has been shown to reduce the chances of naturally conceiving and lowers the success rates of IVF. Cannabis can also seriously affect sperm quality and reduces the chance of fertilisation. So clinics recommend that couple wishing to undergo PGD cut down on smoking or preferably stop all together. Alcohol is also a factor which effects both men and women. In males, an excessive intake of alcohol, especially ‘binge’ drinking, can decrease sperm production and the number of active sperm. Sperm take 72 days to form so the consequences of damage take a long time to reverse. It is recommended that they drink less than two units of alcohol per day. In females, there is no clear evidence that alcohol does or does not affect fertility. However, as women are advised not to consume alcohol during pregnancy, it may be beneficial to view or limit alcohol intake in preparation for PGD. Taking folic acid each day can also be beneficial for a

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