Overview Of Memory And Amnesia

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Amnesia A slideshow of familiar faces and people; every frame associated with a particular smell, taste, emotion, or feeling. Our memories are foundational to each of our personalities and influence nearly every decision that is made throughout our days. A network of associates weigh the possible benefits and repercussions of every decision that could influence you in the future at supersonic speed, based on previous experience and recollection. So, how would someone without access to their own past database continue developing and what kind of character traits and decision making would this person have? While it is hard to imagine being unable to remember your own experiences and progression to develop your core foundational values, due to …show more content…
Episodic memories are autobiographical, related to a specific time period, and involve awareness of one’s own individuality, while semantic memories are those which are learned without any associated time or location. Semantic memories include learned facts and knowledge of the world which is not related to a period in your own personal history. Both of these types of memory fall under the category of “explicit memory” and are distinct from types of learning such as procedural learning (which involves cognitive and motor skills), habituation (an increase or decrease in response to a particular stimulus), and classical conditioning (which involves conditioning responses between two stimuli) which all fall under the category of “nondeclarative memory”. When considering only declarative memory, it has been discovered—though the study of patients with various brain lesions—that the retrieval of episodically coded memories highly involves the right hemisphere of the prefrontal cortex specifically, while the left hemisphere is involved in the retrieval of both types of declarative memory. This type of information could prove critical for the development of a treatment for the millions of patients in the United States alone who suffer from neurodegenerative disorders such as the various amnesias, dementias, or perhaps even learning disorders such as ADD and

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