HIV Prevalence

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Introduction
The global population has experienced severe widespread of health-related issues over the years. Among the many pandemics that have hit the world at large is HIV/AIDS. The deadly virus has claimed many lives in the recent past. However, increased knowledge on how to combat the virus and ways to prevent infection by the virus has played a significant role in reducing HIV prevalence. This paper presents an array of HIV-related issues including the global statistics of HIV prevalence, U.S ranking on HIV prevalence, efforts made by World Health Organization (WHO) and other agencies to combat HIV and existing social disparities such as race, gender and age in relation to HIV.
Scope and Depth of the Problem According to a 2015 global
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The region comprises of low-to-middle-income countries. In the Asia and the Pacific, 90% of HIV-infected population is in 12 countries of Cambodia (76,000), China (780,000), India (2,100,000), Indonesia (610,000), Malaysia (82,000), Myanmar (200,000), Nepal (49,000), Pakistan (87,000), Papua New Guinea (25,000), the Philippines (15,000), Thailand (450,000) and Viet Nam (260,000) (UNAIDS, 2013). According to the AVERT (2014), 1.4 million live with HIV in Latin America and the Caribbean. To summarize the statistics into the regions of Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Western and Central Europe and North America, Latin America, Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Middle East and North Africa and the Caribbean, the global statistics, AVERT (2014), proportion the 36.9 million people living with HIV/AIDS as …show more content…
A 2014 post on the WHO website outlined six operational objectives by the WHO aimed at achieving the global HIV targets between 2014 and 2015. In summary, the objectives focused on sensitizing increased use of ARVs among HIV-positive persons, securing children from HIV infection as well as opening up pediatric care for children, better management and health care of HIV among high-risk groups, investment in advanced techniques to counter the virus, adequate information to enhance effective control of HIV infections and lastly, prospective to link better health outcomes to HIV control initiatives (“MDG 6”,

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