Overview Of Bluetooth Technology

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1. Introduction
In line with the tradition of newer technologies being designed to satisfy upcoming needs, Bluetooth was developed to take over the place of cables that connect mobile devices to their peripherals including but not limited to notebook computers, digital cameras, cellular phones, and personal digital assistants (PDAs). Bluetooth can be defined as open standard that permits communication between diverse devices using a standard short-range wireless radio connection. Even though Bluetooth technology is a technology that replaces cable technology, its current application is diverse. The key areas of focus for Bluetooth technology are its less complex architecture, low price, less power consumption, robustness, and the ability to transmit data and access local networks and internet (Bisdikian, 2001). Bluetooth wireless technology has gone through many stages of development to be as known today, has its specific architecture, has many applications and uses in today’s’ life and has huge impacts on both society and commerce.
1.1 Overview of Bluetooth Technology Whereas
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A single piconet includes one master and a maximum of seven slaves whereby, the principle of master-slave is used in initiating and controlling the traffic between the devices in a piconet. The master defines and synchronizes the frequency hop pattern in its piconet. The packets are exchanged between slaves and a master within a particular piconet. There is no direct communication between master and master or a slave and slave. A mobile device can be a slave in various piconets but, for every piconet, there is only one master. Bluetooth piconets can exist simultaneously in space and time simultaneously while remaining independent of one another. Additionally, a single device can be a member of numerous piconets (scatternet). Figure 1 below indicates a Bluetooth piconet (Kaur, Kaur & Kaur,

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