Outline and Assess Sociological Explanations of Gender Difference in Patterns of Crime.
The official statistics often comply with the common assumption that men commit more crimes then women. According to official statistics, in 2005, 1.8 million offenders were guilty in which 79% were male and 7% of these were aged fewer than 18. The ratio of …show more content…
Pollak claims and assumptions were criticized by Heidensohn (1985) who pointed out that researches indicates that much shoplifting is committed by men. He had failed to take account of changes in the law against abortion in several of the countries he studied. She regards his work as being based upon an unsubstantiated stereotypical image of women. However, Pollack study was important for being the first to suggest that statistics greatly underestimate female criminal activity.
Pollak’s chivalry thesis which claims that women are left off relatively lightly by the predominantly male police, judges, magistrates etc in the criminal justice system is supported by the self report study in which individuals are asked about what crimes they committed. Some self-report studies have implied that female offenders are more likely to escape conviction than males. Graham and Bowling found that males were more likely to commit offences than females; the differences were not as great as those shown in official statistics. The study found that 55% cent of males and 31% of females admitted having committed an offence.
Another reason in which there is apparent evidence for chivalry is in the cautioning of offenders. Campbell (1981)