Outline and Evaluate Research Into Privation Essay
Privation is when a child has the right to form an attachment to a primary care giver taken away from them; the option to make these crucial attachments isn’t there. If Bowlby’s theory is correct, then because of this inability to form attachments, infants should grow up struggling to form relationships and attachments to anyone else.
P: Evidence looking at the effects of privation comes from the case of Genie.
E: She was 13 years old when she was found, after spending her entire life up until that point, locked in a room. Her father subjected her to this cruelty because he suspected she was retarded. When she was found she was unable to speak or stand properly.
E: She …show more content…
P: The criticism for Bowlby’s theory in this study comes from that fact that the twins grew up to lead full lives with several attachments, even though they had missed the critical period.
E: However, Bowlby argues that the only reason the twins were able to recover so successfully was because throughout their traumatic experience they had each other, whereas Genie was alone. :
E: The twins formed their primary attachment to each other and therefore weren’t completely alone. AO1
P: One of the most well controlled studies into privation was the longitudinal study carried out by Hodges and Tizard. They assessed 65 children at regular intervals up until they were 16.
E: The children had been institutionalized, during the critical period and did not have the opportunity to develop an attachment. These children showed problems with peers, they were more quarrelsome and more attention seeking. 70% of them showed an inability to care deeply for anyone.
E: This supports Bowlby’s theory that the failure to form attachments during the critical period has
P: It has been argued that a weakness in Hodge and Tizard’s study is difference between the rate of recovering from adopted children to those restored to their natural parents
E: It has been suggested that the parents may not have invested as much emotional time into their children and this is why they did not develop a strong