Essay on Organizational Politics

1587 Words Dec 25th, 2012 7 Pages
Introduction

Organizational politics refers to behaviors “that occur on an informal basis within an organization and involve intentional acts of influence that are designed to protect or enhance individuals’ professional careers when conflicting courses of action are possible” (Drory, 1993; Porter, Allen, & Angle, 1981). Organizational politics is an elusive type of power relations in the workplace. It represents a unique domain of interpersonal relations, characterized by the direct or indirect (active or passive) engagement of people in influence tactics and power struggles. These activities are frequently aimed at securing or maximizing personal interests or, alternatively, avoiding negative outcomes within the organization
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Politics lowers the output of an individual and eventually affects the productivity of the organization. Common observation says that individuals who play politics at the workplace pay less attention to their work. They are more interested in leg pulling and back biting. They spend most of their times criticizing their fellow workers. As a result of politics at the workplace, employees fail to achieve targets within the stipulated time frame. Work gets delayed in such an organization.
O’Connor and Morrison (2001) found that the organizational climate has an effect on organizational politics perceptions and on the organization’s performance. Witt et al. (2002) suggest that perceptions of the organization’s politics are a subjective scale that is dependent on the employees’ interpretation of the organizational climate. This scale is supposed to influence employees’ behavior and performance.
Researchers suggest that employees who believe that their workplace is rife with politics tend to interpret every behavior in the organization in light of that perception. For example, junior employees will avoid transmitting information that is opposed to senior management’s decisions, assuming that it could damage their promotion. In these cases, the negative outcomes for the organization’s performance could be highly significant and could damage the

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