Organizational Culture And Its Influences On Productivity Measurement And Assessment

1034 Words Sep 11th, 2015 null Page
Culture means that groups share or hold certain things in common, such as espoused values, traditions, linguistic and non-linguistic symbolizing capabilities, etc. According to Hofstede (1997), other than national level, different groups and categories of people could be classified in several layers including organizational, regional, gender, generation and social class level. This section introduces and overview of organizational culture and its influences on productivity measurement and assessment.
Organizational culture is defined as the expectations and beliefs that create norms that forcefully shape the behavior of groups and individuals within the organization (Schwartz & Davis, 1981). Organizational culture is developed and slowly changed over time as people adapt to external and internal environment (Schein, 1999). It is the common background and common language of the organization. The application of organizational culture has received increasing attention (Schein, 1990, O’Reilly et al., 1991). Organizational culture can be explained by the management style (Schwartz & Davis, 1981), organizational structure (Smith, 1998) and the shared behavior of employees with regard to the organization and the job (Rambersad, 2003). Thus, the success of the organization is influenced by the management system.
In the Competing Values Framework (CVF) model (Quinn & Rohrbaugh, 1983), the organizations are classified in three value dimensions: means-ends, internal-external, and…

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