Essay on Organisational behaviour

746 Words Oct 22nd, 2013 3 Pages
A manager's span of control refers to how many employees that manager supervises. A manager with a wide span of control supervises many employees, while one with a narrow span of control supervises just a few. A wide span of control can have positive or negative effects on the employees, or a mix of both, depending on how the business is structured and how the manager handles supervisory duties.
For example, if a manager directly controls 10 employees in the organization then it is his span of control. With the expansion of the business the span of the supervisors increases because the number of employees increases. There are two kinds of organizational structures including flat and vertical organizational structure. In both of the
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Cost - Narrow span Structure is costly because it has many managers. Wide span Structure is less costly because it has less managers.
Decision Making - In Narrow span Structure, Decision making is slow because there are many levels of management. In Wide span Structure, Decision making is quick because there are few levels of management.
Guidance to Staff - Narrow span is suitable for staff that needs detailed guidance. Wide span is suitable for staff that needs less guidance and more independence. Pressure on Managers - In Narrow span, there is less pressure on managers because they have only few subordinates to supervise.In Wide span, there is more pressure on the managers because they have much more subordinates to supervise. Communication - In Narrow span, communication may be distorted and delayed because there are many levels of management. In Wide span, communication will not be distorted and delayed because there are few levels of management.
Factors that influence the span of control
The time that a manager gets to spend with the subordinate is the fundamental factor. Based on this, several sub factors emerge and are discussed below.
• Training – Wide span demands high level of training while in narrow span, one can manage with less.
• Task definition and delegation – Wide span demands clear task definition and delegation while this can be much less in a narrow span.
• Well defined plans and repetitive process – If the business

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