Organ Transplant Advantages And Disadvantages
The first recorded organ transplant was performed on December 23, 1954, it was performed on twin brothers, Ronald and Richard Herrick. The doctor that performed this surgery was Dr. Joseph Murray. He was the Nobel winner for performing the first ever kidney transplant, and he died at the age of 93. Since then education and technology has advanced and now organ transplants can be done more safely and efficiently.
Over the course of the last century, organ transplants has overcome many technical limitations to become what it is today. Jaboulay was the first …show more content…
The pancreas is a five to six inch gland located behind the stomach. The pancreas produces insulin, and it regulates the use of blood sugar throughout the body. The pancreas also produces enzymes that are used for digestion. Diabetes mellitus (usually type one) is the common disease that can lead to pancreas failure. The lungs are divided into sections, with three on the right and two on the left, the lungs can be described as a pair of highly elastic and spongy organs located in the chest. The main function of the lungs is to take in air from the atmosphere and provide a place for oxygen to enter the blood for carbon dioxide to leave the blood. The common diseases that lead to lung transplants are Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency, COPD, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and primary pulmonary hypertension. The intestines are located in the lower region of the digestive tract. They extend from the stomach to the anus. The most common disease leading to intestinal failure are the short gut syndrome and other malabsorptive bowel complications. Kidneys are located on either side of the spine just below the diaphragm, behind the liver and stomach. The kidneys help to regulate blood pressure, blood volume, and the chemical (electrolyte) composition of the blood.The primary function of the kidneys are, to removes waste from the body through the production of urine. Common disease(s) that lead to kidney failure are polycystic kidneys, nephrosclerosis, chronic pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, diabetes mellitus, kidney stones, renal cell carcinoma, and Wilms’ tumor. Sodas and sugars are bad for someone with weak/bad kidneys. The heart is a strong muscular organ and it is about the size of a fist in adults. It pumps blood throughout the body and is freshly oxygenated, the oxygenated blood flows from the heart to the lungs. Coronary heart disease,