Essay on Organ Lateral Sclerosis : A Nervous System Disease

930 Words Nov 8th, 2016 4 Pages
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig Disease is a nervous system disease that attacks the neurons in the brain and spinal cord. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis was found in 1869 by Jean-Martin Charcot a French neurologist. It was not until 1939 when Lou Gehrig announced that he had Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis which ended his baseball career at the age of 36 that Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis made national attention. “It is estimated that about 30,000 patients in this country have the disease and about 5,000 are diagnosed with Amyotrophic Later Sclerosis every year” (Laret, Mark R). There are many famous people who have been diagnosed with Lou Gehrig Disease. Professor Stephen Hawking, Stephen Michael "Steve" Gleason, and Ezzard Mack Charles are just a few who have been diagnosed. There are two main types of Lou Gehrig Disease, Sporadic and Familial. Sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is the most common type, which makes up to 90-95 percent of all cases of ALS. Sporadic Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis can affect anyone at any time. Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is inherited by a family member, usually more than one member will have Familial Amyotrophic lateral Sclerosis. Familial Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis only makes up 5-10 percent of this disease. The cause of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis is still unknown. Usually, patients are diagnosed among the ages of 50 to 60 years old. The first initial symptoms may be overlooked due to being so…

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