Essay about Oral Health And Indigenous Children
Oral health is a microcosm of the wider Indigenous disadvantage evident in measures of employment, income, education and health. Indigenous children consistently have more caries (in both frequency and severity) and untreated oral health problems (Ha et al., 2014). In some studies, the incidence of caries is more than double in the Indigenous child sample than for non-Indigenous children (Roberts-Thomson et al., 2010). Nearly a quarter of Indigenous children live in remote or very remote areas, compared to just 3% of non-Indigenous children (Roberts-Thomson et al., 2010) and Indigenous children in rural areas have worse oral health than those in metropolitan areas (Jamieson et al., 2007).
Good oral health in childhood is important. Early childhood caries are associated poor physical development, malnutrition, speech development, social isolation, depression, low self-esteem, negative educational outcomes and, later in life, cardiovascular disease, stroke and diabetes (Schroth et al., 2009, Jamieson et al., 2011, Jamieson et al., 2010, Christian and Blinkhorn, 2012, Merrick et al., 2012, Zander et al., 2013).
The Commission on Social Determinants of Health model below provides a useful framework for the analysis of the determinants of Indigenous oral health. Fig 1: CSDH Conceptual Framework (Solar & Irwin, 2010)
A number of individual risk factors are identified for…