Oral Glucose Tolerance Test ( Ogtt ) Essay

1723 Words Nov 28th, 2016 7 Pages
Glucose is a substance in your blood that carries the sugars from the food you eat to all of your body’s cells. This blood sugar that is transported gives your body energy and allows it to function properly. However, this system goes awry in people with diabetes. In typically-functioning bodies, the pancreas, which helps with digestion, releases insulin (a hormone) into the bloodstream. This insulin then aids with the transportation of glucose to the cells. But in people with diabetes, insulin production is inadequate, meaning that glucose stays in the blood, causing elevated blood sugar. This can cause health problems (Parchman & Franz, 2014).
Diabetes is best diagnosed with a blood test, called the fasting plasma glucose (FPG). It can also be tested for by the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), but the blood test is typically preferred (American Diabetes Association, 2004, Screening). While diabetes is diagnosed by a blood test, though, there are many symptoms that people might notice which lead them to believe they may have diabetes. Parchman & Franz (2014) present a list of symptoms including: “being very thirsty, urinating often, feeling very hungry, feeling very tired, losing weight without trying, sores that heal slowly, dry and itchy skin, feelings of pins and needs in your feet, losing feeling in your feet, blurry eyesight”.
There are two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes has in the past been called juvenile diabetes, because it most often…

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