Opposing Argument: Abortion Essay

2220 Words Apr 4th, 2011 9 Pages
Opposing Arguments: Abortion
Introduction:
Why abortion is immoral by Don Marquis is the start of two discussions pertaining to whether abortion should be acceptable in our modern society. The argument, Marquis makes, is that abortion actually deprives the fetus’s “future-like-ours.” Many philosophers support Marquis’ belief by arguing that fetuses have their own possibilities; thus, killing fetuses is absolutely wrong (Marquis, 105). Nevertheless, there are also other philosophers who criticize Marquis’ view in order to prove that abortion is not immoral since the fetus has no right to live. One of them is Peter K. McInerney, who wrote Does a Fetus Already Have a Future-Like-Ours? McInerney demonstrates the fact that fetuses have little
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In “the Future-Like-Ours Argument and Twinning,” Brill consistently states that “the ovum and sperm clearly are distinct being”(425). Therefore, the concept is completely different to abortion and does not “deprive two beings [sperm and ova] of a future like ours” (425). This article emphasizes the Marquis’s “Future-Like-Ours” theory which entails that “zygotes what will not so divide probably will have future like ours and hence may not be killed; zygotes that will divide in this way will not have futures like ours and hence may be killed” (426). McInerney also refutes this thought by stating that:
“A zygote lacks everything that gives us moral standing—consciousness, interests, self-awareness, reason. And it lacks everything that essentially relates us to individuals in the past whom we consider to be ourselves: beliefs, desires, intentions, and other psychological states—not to mention specific ones” (427).
Zygotes are not a subject, so they do not have moral standings. Zygotes are not considered as a subject; therefore, they have no identity. Zygotes have no moral status, so killing twin-zygotes or single zygote does not count as an immoral action. Analyzing from both antiabortion arguments and McInerney’s refutation, Brill concludes that he believes in a zygote doctrine which is the main account for the intuition but not extreme to the “Future-Like-Ours.” Zygotes, either single or twin, are identical and do

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