Operant Conditioning: A Psychological Analysis

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Child psychology is the psychological process of children. Through their surrounding and environment, it is how the children’s behavior is being shaped. In addition to that, children also use their sensory, motor and perceptual skills. However, caregivers need to watch what these children learn outside. By knowing how to educate the right way can result to success in children while doing it the wrong way could lead to failure. Different learning style can determine different learning outcome.
Caregivers are to impose good behavior on a child at an early age because that is the time where children learn the most. Three behaviorists, Watson, Skinner and Bandura, have different opinions about the complex human behavior. The intention of studying
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It associates a certain behavior and the consequences. According to Holland (1992), Skinner’s theory of operant conditioning suggests that the occurrence of a behaviour rise or fall is because of the consequences the behaviour produces. Although operant conditioning and classical conditioning are almost similar, they both have their distinguishing points. In classical conditioning, the one that initiates a response is the environmental stimulus. On the other hand, operant conditioning is when the environmental response is produced by the behavior. Operants are behaviors that are naturally produced rather than obtaining a behavior from the environment. In operant conditioning, the behavior precedes the environment event that conditions future behavior. By contrast, in classical conditioning, an environmental stimulus precedes a response. Reinforcement and punishment are two types of environmental consequence that produce operant conditioning.
When there is an increasing frequency of a certain behavior, reinforcement occurs. Reinforcement is something that the environment fortifies, or reinforces a behavior. Psychologist have identified the two types, positive reinforcement and negative
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Finally, there is extinction. Extiction is the disappearance of a behavior. This is what we try to avoid because extinction can turn a good behavior to bad. Say for an example a child propbably know he does well in his exams without fail every single time. However, the parents has high expectations of the child, does not acknowledge the child’s hard work and even wanted the child to achieve a maximum number of marks for the exam. This will demoralize and discourages the child from doing well after a period of time.
In other occasion, extinction can also mean ignoring someone in order to make him or her realize the mistake made. If punishment does not work on him or her, apply extinction to make the the feel that no one cares anymore and that no one bother what he or she does. It will make the child feel out of place and eventually by itself, the child will mend his or her way of behaving. Extinction works slowly but surely (Clayton,

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