Oliver Cromwell's Role In The English Civil War

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The English Civil War was a turning point in English history and in the life of an ordinary country gentlemen, Oliver Cromwell. The English Civil War started in 1642 and ended in 1651. During those nine years, Oliver Cromwell rose in rank to the position of Protectorate because of his relationship with his capable troops and military skill in battle. While historians debate his role, Oliver Cromwell was an effective leader in trying to create a better England. Before the English Civil War of 1642 began, the king of Great Britain and Ireland was Charles I. Charles I and Parliament had many disputes over how money should be spent. This led to the dissolution of Parliament in 1629. Charles I now ruled by himself for eleven years. This is known …show more content…
When Parliament was forming the New Model Army in 1645, the people thought that neither the MPs nor the House of Lords should hold commissions in the new army. Cromwell agreed to the Self-Denying Ordinance even though he knew it would put an end to his military command and indirectly his participation in the Civil War. The Self-Denying Ordinance caused all members of Parliament who were officers in the army to resign their seat in commission. When he wrote letters and reports on his successful battles, he never took the credit for himself. He constantly gave it to God first and then his troops. “We study the glory of God, and the honour and liberty of parliament, for which we unanimously fight, without seeking our own interests” (The Athenæum 628). Oliver Cromwell wanted a system of government that guaranteed fundamental right, religious toleration, and freedom of belief. When he became Lord Protectorate, his first step into making a better England was to allow Jews to come back into England for the first time in three hundred years. Cromwell recognised their business expertise and put the economic well being of England before national prejudice (“Establishment of the Commonwealth in England”). Cromwell also enforced harsh Puritan laws that allowed people to worship privately. Public assemblies, theatre, and horse racing became illegal. He had arguments with both his Parliaments. During this time, the country was under military rule by eleven major-generals. The Rule of Military Generals was a period of direct military rule. It was formed to rebuild the morals of the nation (“Establishment of the Commonwealth in England”). The country was divided into twelve regions. Each region was run by a senior officer of major-general rank accountable only to Oliver

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