Offender Profiling In Introduction To Criminal And Forensic Psychology: Case Study

2815 Words 12 Pages
SOCU2253/SOCU2254 End-semester exam

Student name: Sumeyya Ilanbey

Student number: s338582

Course code:SOCU2253

Total word count (excluding reference list): 1610

SOCU2253/2254 End-semester Exam Instructions

This exam has been designed to assess your knowledge of the entire course. It includes twelve short answer questions from which you must answer eight questions.
Each question has a 200-word limit.
Please type your answer into the space provided below the question. When you have completed the exam, you can submit it via the TurnItIn tab under the Assessment folder.

The exam due date is 5:30pm, Friday 7 November.

Please submit the exam on time, as the following penalties for late submission will apply:

1. Exams
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Howitt, D 2011, Profile analysis 1: FBI-style offender profiling in Introduction to Criminal and Forensic Psychology, Loughbourough University, Pearson, Fourth edition

Q4. Genetics is an essential feature of some theories of crime. For example, while Eysenck’s biosocial theory of crime is regarded as extraordinary in its range and scope, he gave significant weight and importance to genetics.

In most genetic explanations of criminal behaviour, the XYY chromosome hypothesis and twin and adoption studies are used to argue that there is an inherited component to crime. These studies, however, have been largely discredited in forensic and criminal psychology. Evaluate the hypothesis that there is an inherited component to crime.


Hans Eysenck (cited in Howitt, 2011 pg 69) believed “genetic factors contributed enormously to human behaviour but they have their effects under the influence of environmental or social
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Geographical profiling is a key concept in offender profiling, with David Canter’s early work making a significant contribution to the development of this concept. Explain this key concept and comment on why it may be important in understanding criminal behaviour.


“Geographical profiling aims to suggest the likely base (home usually but could be the place of work or some other frequently used place) of the offender” (Howitt, 2011 pg 276).

Routine Activity Theory (originate in the work of Larence Cohen and Marcus Felson, cited in Howitt 2011, pg 276) suggests there is a relationship between a criminal’s daily activity and the crimes they’ve committed. The theory also suggests there is a correlation between crime as a result of everyday combined with three factors (Howitt, 2011 pg 276):
1. Suitable targets
2. Minimal sighting risks
3. Potential offender available in the area

Through the work of various researchers, it was found that there was a “degree of stability in an offender’s choice of crime site locations” (Bennell and Canter 2002, cited in Howitt, 2011 pg

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