Essay on Oedipus : The Tragic Downfall Of Oedipus The King

1246 Words May 9th, 2016 5 Pages
In Sophocles’ Oedipus Tyrannus the tragic downfall of Oedipus the King brings forth the question was this outcome determined by his predestined fate or his own actions, andif he can be held accountable for his crime. The argument on Oedipus guilt or innocence dates back for centuries, yet there still not an answer to who sides is right or wrong. King Laius of Thebes Oedipus’ real father learned from the oracle that if he wed with Jocasta, he would perish at the hands of his son. To avoid the tragic fate Jocasta and Laius abandoned their infant son to the elements as an attempt to kill him. Subsequently, Oedipus is found and raised by King Polybius of Corinth as his own. Only to later return to Thebes in a desperate attempted to avoid the prophecy that he would kill his father and his mother would bear his kids. His journey leads him to the crossroad where he unknowingly runs into King Laius and in the midst of a scuffle he kills him thus bringing the prophecy to life.
Some Scholars such as Drew Griffin, Dr. Havi Hannah Carel, E.R. Dodds, Herald Alderman, and Thomas Gould debate that Oedipus is innocent. Griffin argues that he is unwillingly provoked , and Alderman claims that the moment Oedipus solved the Sphinx’s riddle his fate is sealed. Dodd’s argues the story of Oedipus is a “Tragedy of Destiny” has no free will and is a puppet in the hands of the gods. While Dr. Carel argues that ignorance is his defense and he should not be held responsible , Gould argued that he…

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