Oceanography Research Paper

843 Words 4 Pages
The ocean is the most obvious feature of the earth 's surface. About seventy percent of the earth’s surface is covered by water. Beneath this water are the familiar sands of the beaches we visit during the summer months, however further offshore this water covers an amazing submarine landscape of underwater trenches, mountains, and plains. This differs from the continents, mainly because they are physically separated from one another, whereas the oceans are continuously interconnected. The ocean is one of the most beautiful yet destructive forces man will ever know, each and every wave that breaks releases energy causing a chemical reaction. Additionally, there are several factors involved in the classification of the ocean and all of its …show more content…
During the 1870s scientists collected seawater samples from the seas of the world from varying depths to see if the oceans were in fact similar in some way or another. When these samples were analyzed they were actually found to be quite similar, almost identical. This finding sparked great interest in the topic of oceanography which was up to this point in history largely unexplored and in other words unexplainable. Even in today’s world the ocean is largely unexplored, we are learning new things about the ocean every single day; there are some trenches that are unreachable, some so deep we may never be able to fully explore the deep blue sea. Down in these trenches the pressure is so great even the most advanced …show more content…
Beginning with Lithogenous sediments, they are the major sediments found on the ocean floor, they are created through the process of both chemical and mechanical weathering of rocks, mostly quartz. These Lithogenous particles make up beaches, rivers and even glaciers. Biogenous sediments are primarily derived from the parts of a once living sediment. This sediment is generally made up from dissolving shells, teeth and bones from decaying organisms. Biogenous sediments are formed and lay on organisms and the surrounding area which they are formed, leaving a white chalky ooze. Hydrogenous sediments form from chemical reactions that occur in the seawater. These reactions form small particles that are deposited onto the seafloor. The currents move particles and cause them to collide with many other particles. If a lot of these particles collide they form nodules which are particles that have high concentrations of certain metals, nodules are found on the deep sea floor. Finally the Cosmogenous sediment is formed from macroscopic meteorite from outer space. Sediment type often determines the different types of organisms that will be found in that area. “Researchers found that water off the coast of Washington is gradually warming at a depth of 500 meters, about a third of a mile down. That is the same depth where methane

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