Occupational Safety And Health Administration Essay
Hazards exist in every workplace in many different forms: sharp edges, falling objects, flying sparks, chemicals, noise and a myriad of other potentially dangerous situations. A hazard is capable of causing injury or impairment in the function of any part of the body through absorption, inhalation or physical contact. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) require that employers protect their employees from workplace hazards that can cause injury.
Controlling the hazard at its source is the best way to protect employees. Depending on the hazard or workplace conditions, OSHA recommends three means of controlling any hazard. The order of precedence and effectiveness of hazard control is the following:
1. Engineering controls
Engineering work practice controls is the first recommended method of controlling a hazard. This method includes elimination/minimization of the hazard (redesign the facility, equipment, or process), enclosure of the hazard, isolation of the hazard (machine guards, welding curtains, blast shield, etc.), or removal/redirection of the hazard (exhaust ventilation).
2. Administrative controls
Administrative work practice controls is the second recommended method of controlling a hazard. This method includes written operating procedures, work permits, exposure time limitations, monitoring devices, alarms, buddy system, training, etc.
3. Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Personal protective equipment is the third hazard…