Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd ) Essay

2237 Words Oct 22nd, 2016 9 Pages
Obsessive compulsive disorder is a chronic and potentially disabling psychiatric disorder marked by intrusive and disturbing thoughts (OBSESSIONS) and repetitive behavior (COMPULSIONS) that the person feels to drive. Obsessive compulsive disorder is a chronic and potentially disabling psychiatric disorder marked by intrusive and disturbing thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive behavior (compulsion) that the person feels to drive. The obsessions include contamination, aggressive thoughts, need for symmetry and taboo thoughts of sex or religion. The themes of compulsion include checking, excessive cleaning or washing, arranging and counting [1]. These symptoms can be alienating and time-consuming and often cause severe emotional and financial distress. Life time prevalence of OCD in adult varies from 1.1% to 3.9% and OCD presents itself in 2.7% of general population [2]. Although the disorder affects individuals of all age groups, the period of greatest risk is from childhood to middle adulthood. Among adults, man and women equally affected but among adolescents, boys are more commonly affected than girls [3]. The onset of OCD is usually in early adulthood with nearly 50% of cases present during adolescence; onset after age of 40 year is unusual. OCD is a chronic illness, so higher percentage of patients has a lifetime history of another axis I disorder. Anxiety disorders and depression are the common comorbid conditions reported in most studies of OCD. In the Epidemiological…

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