Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd ) Essay

759 Words Nov 13th, 2015 4 Pages
Obsessive compulsive disorder is a common type of anxiety disorder characterized by recurring impulses, thoughts, or ideas. These obsessions are accompanied by repeated attempts to suppress the thoughts by actions or behaviors that may be ritualistic and irrational. People suffering from obsessive compulsive disorder, or OCD, are often aware that these obsessions and compulsions are irrational, but deep down fear that something bad may happen they are not fulfilled. Compulsions caused by OCD may take an hour or more out of a person’s day. OCD is the fourth most common type of psychiatric illness, and is two to three times more common than schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Approximately 1 in 50 Americans have OCD, and 1 in 25 will have OCD at some point in their lives. OCD is equally as common in men as women, and affects all races and nationalities similarly. The International Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Foundation estimates 2 to 3 million adults in the U.S. suffer from OCD (Fitzgerald, 2012). OCD is believed to have roots in childhood, however identifying a direct cause can be difficult. Risk factors include a family history of OCD, history of head trauma, being diagnosed with Tourette’s Syndrome or ADHD, or any pre-existing anxiety disorder. Some theories on the cause of OCD include genetics, brain structure, and brain chemistry. One interesting theory is that OCD in children may be caused by complications from a streptococcal infection, such as…

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