Observational Learning Is The Act Of Learning By Watching Others

1059 Words Jan 14th, 2016 null Page
Observational learning, also known as social learning is the act of learning by watching others. It is not just in mimicking behaviors, but retaining those behaviors and using them as one’s own behavior at a later time (Argosy Course Notes, 2015). For example, a teacher praises a child for getting the correct answer when matching flash cards, another child is observing this and two days later this child is asked to match the cards and correctly places it (Fryling, Johnson & Hayes, 2011). Observational learning happens throughout one’s lifetime, and the most critical time is when a child is discovering the world around him (Argosy Course Notes, 2015). Children learn by the actions of others and some of the benefits that special needs students can gain through inclusion into a regular classroom is peer to peer association and the actions of these peer groups could teach others on how to act and how not to act.
A theorist by the name of Bandura proposed a cognitive theory that there must be four processes that are necessary to determine whether observational learning will take place or not. These four processes are the attentional process in which the learner must pay attention, the retentional process where the learner must obviously retain part of the information that was garnered from the observation. The third is the motor reproductive process in which the learner has to have to have the motor skills to carry out the tasks or behaviors they are modeling. According to…

Related Documents